Key Concepts in Development Geography is a new kind of textbook that forms part of an innovative set of companion texts for the human geography sub-disciplines. Organized around 20 short essays, Key Concepts in Development Geography is an introductory text that provides students with the core concepts that form contemporary research and ideas within the development geography discipline. Written in a clear and transparent style, the book includes: An introductory chapter providing a succinct overview of the recent developments in the field; Over 20 key concept entries that provide comprehensive definitions, explanations and evolutions of the subject; Excellent pedagogy to enhance students' understanding including a glossary, figures, diagrams, and further reading
Organized around five of the most important areas of concern, the book covers: the meanings and measurement of development; its theory and practice; work, employment and development; people, culture and development; and contemporary issues in development. The perfect companion for undergraduates and graduate students pursuing geography degrees, the book is a timely look at the pressingly important field of international development studies today.
Chapter 3.1: Rural Livelihoods and Sustainable Communities
Rural Livelihoods and Sustainable Communities
Rural Poverty, Vulnerability and Development
Despite recent figures from United Nations Habitat, which state that the global population is becoming increasingly urban, rural poverty and agriculture continue to remain at the heart of global development agendas, particularly as the proportion of the world's poorest people living in rural areas has continued to increase in many countries of the global South. In fact, levels of rural poverty continue to outstrip urban poverty, with higher proportions of the ‘poorest of the poor’ living in rural rather than urban areas. Recent figures suggest that three out of every four poor individuals are rural (World Bank, 2007) and 70 per cent of the 1.4 billion people living in extreme poverty reside ...