“The four authors of this concise volume provide an authoritative introduction to diverse key concepts about crime and its relationship to society. Each chapter starts with a definition (e.g., deviance, social control, normalization), providing readers with the vocabulary and conceptual framework for fully understanding chapter contents... a very good way to expose students and the public (and scholars from outside fields) to definitions, ideas, and theories of crime and society.” - K. Evans, Indiana State University, Choice Key Concepts in Crime and Society offers an authoritative introduction to key issues in the area of crime as it connects to society. By providing critical insight into the key issues within each concept as well as highlighted cross-references to other key concepts, students will be helped to grasp a clear understanding of each of the topics covered and how they relate to broader areas of crime and criminality. The book is divided into three parts: • Understanding Crime and Criminality: introduces topics such as the social construction of crime and deviance, social control, the fear of crime, poverty and exclusion, white collar crime, victims of crime, race/gender and crime. • Types of Crime and Criminality: explores examples including human trafficking, sex work, drug crime, environmental crime, cyber crime, war crime, terrorism, and interpersonal violence. • Responses to Crime: looks at areas such as crime and the media, policing, moral panics, deterrence, prisons and rehabilitation. The book provides an up-to-date, critical understanding on a wide range of crime related topics covering the major concepts students are likely to encounter within the fields of sociology, criminology and across the social sciences.
Definition: War crimes are major violations of international laws directed at citizens or combatants during armed conflict. War crimes can include genocide and other crimes against humanity.
[Page 131]War crimes are criminal acts that are committed by individuals during armed conflict and are directed at civilians or combatants. These crimes are proscribed in international humanitarian laws or conventions, including the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, the Geneva Conventions of 1929 and 1949, and the Rome Statute of 1998. The Hague Conventions attempted to codify customs of war, including the treatment of prisoners of war and restrictions on weaponry. Designations of war crimes emerged from the International Military Tribunal, established in 1945 to prosecute several Nazi leaders who had led or ...