This book has already proved itself as a course adoption leader in Childhood Studies. All of the strengths of the First Edition have been retained. The book is comprehensive and judged with the needs of students in mind. It is a model of clarity and precision and has been acknowledged as such in reviews and course feedback. The new edition thoroughly revises old entries and adds new ones. The book is the most accessible, relevant student introduction to this expanding, interdisciplinary field. It is an indispensable teaching text and an ideal prompt for researchers.



A status that is given to members of a community who share those rights, responsibilities, duties and adopt those social practices that are intrinsic to belonging to and being a responsible member of that community and who, in return, share in the resources that are distributed within that community.

Defining citizenship is far from easy. This is not least because by the act of defining it, valuable economic and political rights and valued social status are allocated. Indeed, one of the traditional sanctions for ignoring the responsibilities and duties attached to citizenship is the withdrawal of some or all components of that status; for example, historically through exile, or through the loss of voting rights for those imprisoned for criminal offences. Given the importance of citizenship ...

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