This book provides a clear, focused road map to the study of the body in society. It defines, explains and applies core topics relating to the human body demonstrating how we approach it as a social phenomenon.

Each concept: Includes an easy to understand definition; Provides real-world examples; Gives suggestions for further reading; Is carefully cross-referenced to other related concepts

Written to meet the needs of the modern student this book offers the basic materials, tools and guidance needed study and write about the body.


Definition Pain is a bodily sensation that, except in very specific and rare neurological conditions, we have all experienced at some time in life. It is the result of the excitation of nerve endings within the affected part of the body, which sends messages to the brain which are interpreted as painful. As a neurological signal in a mechanistic body (Dualism), it is a warning mechanism that can denote illness within the body and that will prompt withdrawal from an external stimulus that is damaging to the body (for example, excess heat or sharp objects). Pain can also be felt as an emotion, as a combination of mental and physical anguish. When pain is persistent it can affect both our identity and our phenomenological experience ...

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