• Summary
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The advent of Islam in medieval Kashmir gave birth to a narrative that describes forcible mass conversion of Hindus, eviction of local people and wanton demolition of religious symbols. A minority of Kashmiri Brahmans and their progeny who did not convert to Islam built and successfully perpetuated this narrative over the centuries. Following the eruption of armed insurgency in Kashmir and mass migration of Kashmiri Pandits in 1990, this community narrative has turned into the Indian mainstream view on Kashmiri Pandits.


Soon after, almost the entire community of Kashmiri Pandits left the Valley in 1990 and were confronted with challenges of a new and harsh environment, the radicals among them got together and assumed their leadership. In December 1990, they floated an organization called Panun Kashmir1 (our own Kashmir), describing it as “a struggle to re-conquer that Kashmir which is almost lost,” and an effort to save Kashmiri Pandits, Kashmir and India.2 Besides claiming to be a struggle for “survival as a cultural entity and an ancient race,” the organization described itself as “a movement for the political survival of over 700,000 Kashmiri Pandits in their birth land.”3

A year later, on 28 December 1991, Panun Kashmir adopted a resolution, margdarshan (guidance), at Jammu, calling ...

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