• Summary
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The advent of Islam in medieval Kashmir gave birth to a narrative that describes forcible mass conversion of Hindus, eviction of local people and wanton demolition of religious symbols. A minority of Kashmiri Brahmans and their progeny who did not convert to Islam built and successfully perpetuated this narrative over the centuries. Following the eruption of armed insurgency in Kashmir and mass migration of Kashmiri Pandits in 1990, this community narrative has turned into the Indian mainstream view on Kashmiri Pandits.


The Dogra rule was in the 84th year of its repressive existence1 when on 13 July 1931 its soldiers gunned down 22 unarmed Muslims at the Srinagar Central Jail. The victims were part of a crowd that had gathered there to witness the trial of Abdul Qadeer Khan charged for inciting Kashmiri Muslims against Hari Singh's rule. Khan, a butler with an officer of the Kings Own Yorkshire Light Infantry at Peshawar,2 then on vacation in Kashmir, was agitated by the reign of oppression in Kashmir. On 21 June, when Kashmiri Muslims had assembled at the Khanqah-i-Mualla to protest against the incidents of desecration of the Qur'an and official interference in the delivery of the mandatory sermon at the Friday prayers that happened ...

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