KEY FEATURES A unique approach brings the causes of delinquency into the discussion of the juvenile justice system. Case studies included throughout the chapters bring the content to life and illustrate for students the connections between policy and research. Critical thinking questions appearing at the end of each case study encourage students to use facts and research to make thoughtful decisions regarding the presented issues. A margin glossary helps students master the language used when discussing juvenile justice and delinquency Carefully selected photos aid visual learners by bringing the concepts to life. Web resources at the end of chapters provide students with opportunities explore further information.

What Works in Juvenile Justice
Chapter 8 What works in juvenile justice
Barry A. Krisberg

In the 1970s and 1980s, it was common for academic observers and policy makers to conclude that “nothing works” in juvenile justice (Martinson, 1974). Conservative critics of juvenile justice argued that rehabilitation programs were not effective and that greater emphasis must be placed on deterrence and incapacitation (Murray & Cox, 1979; Wilson, 1983). Critics of juvenile justice from the left claimed that juvenile justice programs actually stigmatized youths, making them worse than if they had not been “helped” (Lemert, 1951; Schur, 1973). Conservatives claimed that the rehabilitative ideal of the juvenile court meant that its sanctions were too lenient, teaching youngsters that they could violate the ...

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