KEY FEATURES A unique approach brings the causes of delinquency into the discussion of the juvenile justice system. Case studies included throughout the chapters bring the content to life and illustrate for students the connections between policy and research. Critical thinking questions appearing at the end of each case study encourage students to use facts and research to make thoughtful decisions regarding the presented issues. A margin glossary helps students master the language used when discussing juvenile justice and delinquency Carefully selected photos aid visual learners by bringing the concepts to life. Web resources at the end of chapters provide students with opportunities explore further information.

The Historical Legacy of Juvenile Justice
Chapter 3 The historical legacy of juvenile justice
Barry A. Krisberg

The first institution for the control of juvenile delinquency in the United States was the New York House of Refuge, founded in 1825, but specialized treatment of wayward youth has a much longer history—one tied to changes in the social structure of medieval Europe. These same changes prompted the colonization of the New World and led to attempts to control and exploit the labor of African, European, and Native American children.

Virtually all aspects of life were in a state of flux for the people of Europe in the later Middle Ages (16th and 17th centuries). The economy was being transformed from a feudal system ...

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