KEY FEATURES A unique approach brings the causes of delinquency into the discussion of the juvenile justice system. Case studies included throughout the chapters bring the content to life and illustrate for students the connections between policy and research. Critical thinking questions appearing at the end of each case study encourage students to use facts and research to make thoughtful decisions regarding the presented issues. A margin glossary helps students master the language used when discussing juvenile justice and delinquency Carefully selected photos aid visual learners by bringing the concepts to life. Web resources at the end of chapters provide students with opportunities explore further information.

Redeeming Our Children

Redeeming Our Children
Chapter 10 Redeeming our children
Barry A. Krisberg
Evolving Standards of Juvenile Justice

For most of recorded history, the standard of justice was based on a harsh regimen of social revenge (Foucault, 1977; Rusche & Kirchheimer, 1939). Stark punishments were designed to instill fear in the hearts and minds of the lower classes. This fear was designed to deter potential lawbreakers and to head off any possibilities of social revolt. Frequent use of the death penalty, especially public executions, was part of the ceremony of justice. Torture of defendants and extreme physical brutality were part of the penal practice of Europe and the New World until well into the 19th century. Thorsten Sellin (2016), in his extraordinary book Slavery ...

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