Job and Work Analysis: Methods, Research, and Applications for Human Resource Management provides students and professionals alike with an in-depth exploration of job analysis. Job analysis encompasses a wide range of crucial topics that help us understand what people do at work and why. This one-of-a-kind text expertly unpacks the best job analysis methods and then illustrates how to apply these methods to solve some of the most common workplace problems. Readers will learn the best practices for helping people work smarter, improving hiring and training, making jobs safer, and providing a satisfying work environment. The new Third Edition includes new references, the latest research findings, and expanded discussions of competency models, teams, and O*NET.
Chapter 8: Staffing and Training
Staffing and Training
In this chapter, we describe two of the purposes that are dearest to the hearts of industrial and organizational psychologists, namely, staffing and training. Some have referred to these functional activities under the broader label of talent management. Staffing involves attracting people to the organization and placing them in jobs where they will be of benefit to the organization. In large companies, staffing also concerns plans for the future. It is important to have a pool of people that we are developing for jobs that have increasing responsibility. In staffing, the job is considered essentially fixed or given, and people are chosen so as to match the job.
In training, people are given experiences that enhance their knowledge, abilities, and ...