Fairness in educational assessment has become a major talking point and allegations that assessments are unfair are commonplace on social media and in the press. But what does fairness mean in practice and how can we evaluate it? This book offers a timely and necessary investigation, exploring the concept through the lenses of: measurement theory, social justice, the law and philosophy in order to put forward a template for fairness in educational assessment. Drawing on international examples from the UK, US, Australia and South East Asia, this book offers a commentary on fairness that is highly relevant to the changing context of assessment today. This book will be of interest to anyone with a professional or academic interest in educational assessment, to education policymakers and to all who are working to make assessment fair.

Fair assessment viewed through the lenses of the law

Fair assessment viewed through the lenses of the law

Fair assessment viewed through the lenses of the law

‘[The qualifications regulator] was engaged in an exercise of damage limitation. Whichever way it chose to resolve the problem, there was going to be an element of unfairness.’ (LB Lewisham & Others v. AQA, Edexcel, Ofqual & Others (2013) EWHC, 211, para. 153)

‘Unfairness is often alleged when groups or individuals are differentially denied something of value or subjected to an undesirable outcome as a result of their test scores.’ (Phillips, 2016, p. 239)


We are all subject to the law, and those who deliver and administer assessments are no exception. There are many different legal lenses, depending on each country’s legal system, the type of law invoked ...

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