Ideal in introductory courses dealing with grammatical structure and linguistic analysis, Introduction to Typology overviews the major grammatical categories and constructions in the world's languages. Framed in a typological perspective, the constant concern of this primary text is to underscore the similarities and differences which underlie the vast array of human languages.
Chapter 8: Morphological Typology
A basic typology of morphemes was presented in Chapter 7. The goal in that chapter was to describe the most common types of morphemes available to languages and some of the interactions among these classes of morphemes. It is also common, however, to type languages in terms of the dominant morphological strategies they employ because they can differ dramatically in this regard. To get a sense of just how radical the divergence can be, compare the Yay (Daic: China) sentence in (1a) to the Oneida (Almosan-Keresiouan: United States) sentence in (1b).
Yay and Oneida differ at many levels: the sounds they possess (e.g., Yay has tones,1 indicated here by the superscripted numbers), the categories of words [Page 128](e.g., Yay has classifiers such as ...