Ideal in introductory courses dealing with grammatical structure and linguistic analysis, Introduction to Typology overviews the major grammatical categories and constructions in the world's languages. Framed in a typological perspective, the constant concern of this primary text is to underscore the similarities and differences which underlie the vast array of human languages.



To this point in our typological overview of language, I have focused almost exclusively on simple sentences-that is, sentences containing a single clause. In the remaining chapters, I shift the attention to complex sentences—that is, sentences that contain two or more clauses. Given two clauses, A and B, that occur together in a sentence, there are three potential structural relations that might hold between them: A and B might be assigned equal status, A might be dependent on B, or B might be dependent on A. The latter two options are types of subordination.

Principal Types of Subordinate Clauses

Traditional grammar has posited three basic types of subordinate clauses: adverbial, complement, and relative. Adverbial clauses are employed to provide the situational context for the event or ...

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