Introduction to Latin America provides a completely new introduction to the political, social and economic forces shaping this essential region of undergraduate study today. It is the first textbook to place Latin America within a genuinely global context and introduce the debates and impact of globalization, neoliberalism, democratization, and the environment.
Chapter 7: The Human Impact
In discussing economic growth, and the conditions that help generate and maintain it, economists have a tendency to see it as an end in itself rather than as a means to individual and social well-being. Yet, if the functioning of the economy does not improve the livelihood of large sections of society, not only is it questionable in itself but it generates the conditions that will in time undermine it. These issues are particularly pertinent in a region like Latin America that, as we saw in Chapter 2, displays high levels of poverty and inequality. The real test of the neoliberal reformation, therefore, and its ability to endure, rests on its success in improving the livelihood of the majority of ...