Introduction to Latin America provides a completely new introduction to the political, social and economic forces shaping this essential region of undergraduate study today. It is the first textbook to place Latin America within a genuinely global context and introduce the debates and impact of globalization, neoliberalism, democratization, and the environment.
Chapter 6: Regionalization
Regional integration is increasingly being seen by countries large and small as a way of trying to maximize the benefits and avoid the pitfalls of globalization. It can take many forms, from the ambitious institution-building of the European Union (EU) to the looser and more narrowly economic North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Canada, the United States and Mexico. But, whatever their forms, regional integration schemes proliferate throughout the world, in Europe and the Americas, in west and southern Africa, in south Asia and in southeastern Asia (for details, see Schulz et al., 2001). Through APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation), the United States is attempting to create a large grouping of Asian and Pacific states, including Japan, Australia and, in Latin America, Mexico, Peru ...