Introduction to Latin America provides a completely new introduction to the political, social and economic forces shaping this essential region of undergraduate study today. It is the first textbook to place Latin America within a genuinely global context and introduce the debates and impact of globalization, neoliberalism, democratization, and the environment.
Chapter 5: Resituating the State
Discussion of neoliberal reforms throughout Latin America in the 1980s and 1990s has tended to devote most attention to economics. However, their impact on the nature and role of the state has been just as important. Indeed, as was explained in Box 4.1, what distinguishes neoliberalism from the classic economic liberalism of the nineteenth century is its emphasis on the need to reform the state so that it ensures the free and effective operation of market forces. For this reason, the full extent of the neoliberal reformation cannot be understood unless equal attention is devoted to the state as is devoted to the market. This is the purpose of the present chapter.
Only as the reforms advanced did an understanding grow ...