• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Interpreting Standardized Test Scores: Strategies for Data-Driven Instructional Decision Making is designed to help K-12 teachers and administrators understand the nature of standardized tests and, in particular, the scores that result from them. This useful manual helps teachers develop the skills necessary to incorporate these test scores into various types of instructional decision making—a process known as “data-driven decision making”—necessitated by the needs of their students.

Norm-Referenced Test Scores and Their Interpretations
Norm-referenced test scores and their interpretations

Compared to the number of different criterion-referenced scores used on standardized test reports, the various types of norm-referenced scores substantially outnumber those that we examined in the previous module. Figure 6.1 summarizes the various scores used for each type of test, this time highlighting those that are norm-referenced. In this module, we will explore the information that is reported by norm-referenced test scores, the various types of norm-referenced scores, and the importance of understanding what is meant by the standard error of measurement, as well as how to apply this knowledge when interpreting student test performance. Information specific to how these scores can be used to help guide or revise instruction will be discussed ...

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