• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Interpreting Standardized Test Scores: Strategies for Data-Driven Instructional Decision Making is designed to help K-12 teachers and administrators understand the nature of standardized tests and, in particular, the scores that result from them. This useful manual helps teachers develop the skills necessary to incorporate these test scores into various types of instructional decision making—a process known as “data-driven decision making”—necessitated by the needs of their students.

Criterion-Referenced Test Scores and Their Interpretations
Criterion-referenced test scores and their interpretations

Recall from Module 1 that there are two general categories of test scores that are reported on standardized test score reports: criterion-referenced and norm-referenced scores. Criterion-referenced and norm-referenced tests—or more specifically, criterion- and norm-referenced test scores—serve very different purposes in terms of reporting student performance. The types of scores reported reflect these fundamental differences. Figure 5.1 summarizes the various scores used for each type of test. You will notice that there are only a few types of criterion-referenced scores, but numerous types of norm-referenced scores. We will discuss criterion-referenced scores and their interpretations in this module and norm-referenced scores in Module 6.

Figure 5.1 Summary of Methods of Reporting Scores on Standardized Tests, Highlighting Types ...
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