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Chapter 6: Verbosity in Older Adults
When we first began working with older adults, we were vividly impressed by how often we encountered extremely verbose elderly people, a phenomenon we had never experienced in research with children and only very infrequently observed in younger adults. Some people produced such extreme amounts of irrelevant speech that we were curious about how they functioned in their daily lives, how other people responded to them, and the processes underlying such speech behavior. Consequently, we developed a research program to investigate this type of speech in older adults, which we labeled off-target verbosity, or OTV (Gold, Andres, Arbuckle, & Schwartzman, 1988).
Abundance and lack of focus are two salient characteristics of off-target verbosity (Gold et al., 1988). Although typically ...