International Politics and the Environment provides a sophisticated overview of the theories, concepts and methods central to the complex and contentious field of International Environmental Politics (IEP). Ronald Mitchell carefully introduces students to the political processes involved in both causing and resolving international environmental problems. Each fully integrated chapter:
- Links environmental policy to politics, bringing in a wide range of practical real-life examples
- Deepens students' theoretical understanding, helping them to identify and explain international environmental problems and their solutions
- Goes beyond description and develops students' ability to evaluate claims about outcomes in international environmental politics through empirical testing.
A rounded, in-depth examination of IEP, this book has been specifically written for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in global environmental politics and modules of broader international relations programs.
Chapter 6: Evaluating the Effectiveness of International Environmental Institutions
Evaluating the Effectiveness of International Environmental Institutions
When are international environmental institutions effective? When do international environmental agreements (IEAs) work? When do they accomplish, or at least promote, the environmental goals that motivate the states that create them? States spend considerable time and resources negotiating intergovernmental environmental agreements. They have signed hundreds of environmental treaties, protocols, and amendments and continue to do so at rates averaging 20 multilaterals and 30 bilaterals per year (Mitchell, 2003: 438–9). People often assume that the treaties that states sign to address environmental problems will reduce, if not eliminate, those impacts. Indeed, our interest in issue emergence and treaty negotiation only make sense if IEAs ‘work’, if they lead states to change their behavior ...