International Politics and the Environment provides a sophisticated overview of the theories, concepts and methods central to the complex and contentious field of International Environmental Politics (IEP). Ronald Mitchell carefully introduces students to the political processes involved in both causing and resolving international environmental problems. Each fully integrated chapter:
- Links environmental policy to politics, bringing in a wide range of practical real-life examples
- Deepens students' theoretical understanding, helping them to identify and explain international environmental problems and their solutions
- Goes beyond description and develops students' ability to evaluate claims about outcomes in international environmental politics through empirical testing.
A rounded, in-depth examination of IEP, this book has been specifically written for graduate and advanced undergraduate courses in global environmental politics and modules of broader international relations programs.
Chapter 3: Sources of International Environmental Problems
Sources of International Environmental Problems
Why does the world face so many and such diverse international environmental problems? Why do people engage in so many activities that harm the environment? Under what conditions do people engage in environmentally-harmful activities? Under what conditions do people stop, or refrain from, such activities? This chapter starts by delineating the ‘IPAT’ identity that explains human environmental impacts as resulting from population, affluence, and technology. The chapter then offers six categories into which we can place various scholars’ more elaborated and diverse perspectives on the causes of our environmental predicament: ecophilosophical, scientific, legal, economic, capacities, and political. The chapter concludes by delineating why environmental problems are more common internationally than domestically.
The IPAT Identity: Impacts, Population, Affluence, ...