`Jagdish S Gundara's own early experiences have given him unique insights into both the problems and the possibilities of relationships between cultures. His book reflects a life dedicated to fostering positive intercultural relations and provides an analysis of the role of education in overcoming the barriers. All who are interested in building genuinely inclusive notions of education and citizenship will benefit from reading this impressive book' - Geoff Whitty, Karl Mannheim Professor of Sociology of Education, University of London Jagdish S Gundara raises a range of critical issues for educators as a consequence of historical and contemporary aspects of social diversity. Using a historical and social scie
Chapter 6: The Role of the State
The Role of the State
The state in most parts of the world confronts complex challenges to deal with social diversity. The notions of blood and soil which form a local community or a nation are too one-dimensional. The other dimension is the way in which diverse groups in a society have legitimacy in terms of belongingness which accrues from the rights and responsibilities which are conferred on citizens by constitutions. Modern states are also negotiators with various international instruments which confirm the inviolability of citizens.
The exclusions and problems of belongingness at local levels in most societies have become a serious issue within the last few decades of the twentieth century. The need to develop confederal communities which derive their basis ...