Intelligence Testing and Minority Students offers the reader a fresh opportunity to re-learn and re-consider the implications of intelligence testing. Richard R. Valencia and Lisa A. Suzuki discuss the strengths and limitations of IQ testing relative to the factors which may contribute to biased results. They review the history of the adaptation and adoption of intelligence testing; evaluate the heredity-environment debate; discuss the specific performance factors which apply to IQ testing of those in minority ethnic groups. This practical book offers the practitioner a good sense of what can be done to make testing and education serve the needs of all students fairly and validly, whatever their background.

Socioeconomic Status

Socioeconomic status

The question of the precise character of the relationship between certain socioeconomic variables and intelligence test score comprises one of the most persistent and perplexing problems in the entire field of mental testing. (Neff, 1938, p. 727)

Although this introductory passage from Walter Neff's article (“Socioeconomic Status and Intelligence: A Critical Survey”) was written more than 60 years ago, it still has relevance today. Numerous studies over many decades, beginning with the seminal work of Galton's (1870) Hereditary Genius: An Inquiry Into Its Laws and Consequences and more recently with Herrnstein and Murray's (1994) The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life, have found the variable of socioeconomic status (SES) to correlate positively with intellectual performance. As one's SES increases, there ...

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