Intelligence Testing and Minority Students offers the reader a fresh opportunity to re-learn and re-consider the implications of intelligence testing. Richard R. Valencia and Lisa A. Suzuki discuss the strengths and limitations of IQ testing relative to the factors which may contribute to biased results. They review the history of the adaptation and adoption of intelligence testing; evaluate the heredity-environment debate; discuss the specific performance factors which apply to IQ testing of those in minority ethnic groups. This practical book offers the practitioner a good sense of what can be done to make testing and education serve the needs of all students fairly and validly, whatever their background.
Chapter 2: Multicultural Perspectives of Intelligence: Theory and Measurement Issues
Multicultural Perspectives of Intelligence: Theory and Measurement Issues
For centuries, attempts have been made to distinguish people who are intelligent from those who are less intelligent. Major efforts have been aimed at developing theories and measures that efficiently reflect and sample a variety of abilities believed to contribute to making a person smart and successful. Historically, concerns have been raised regarding the lack of sensitivity and test abuse that has affected the educational opportunities of racial/ethnic minorities. Tests that allegedly assess the potential of individuals have become long-standing gatekeepers of educational and employment opportunities. This is evidenced by the popularity of the Scholastic Aptitude Test, the Medical College Admission Test, and the Law School Admission Test that serve ...