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Chapter 11: Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa
This chapter explores the concept of animism, the foundation of the African way of life and conception of well-being. Africans consult a variety of individuals when they encounter physical, psychological, social, and spiritual problems. In this chapter, they are described under six headings: indigenous doctors, herbalists, fetish men, mediums, religious healers, and sorcerers. Although they are known by different names in the various ethnic and national languages on the continent, the belief in animism seems to be common to all. In fact, it appears to unify the whole of sub-Saharan Africa. Finally, implications of traditional healing practices for counseling are discussed.
The term animism derives from the Latin word anima, ...