Integrating Traditional Healing Practices Into Counseling and Psychotherapy critically examines ethnic minority cultural and traditional healing in relation to counseling and psychotherapy. Authors Roy Moodley and William West highlight the challenges and changes in the field of multicultural counseling and psychotherapy by integrating current issues of traditional healing with contemporary practice. The book uniquely presents a range of accounts of the dilemmas and issues facing students, professional counselors, psychotherapists, social workers, researchers, and others who use multicultural counseling or transcultural psychotherapy as part of their professional practice.
Chapter 11: Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa
Animism: Foundation of Traditional Healing in Sub-Saharan Africa
This chapter explores the concept of animism, the foundation of the African way of life and conception of well-being. Africans consult a variety of individuals when they encounter physical, psychological, social, and spiritual problems. In this chapter, they are described under six headings: indigenous doctors, herbalists, fetish men, mediums, religious healers, and sorcerers. Although they are known by different names in the various ethnic and national languages on the continent, the belief in animism seems to be common to all. In fact, it appears to unify the whole of sub-Saharan Africa. Finally, implications of traditional healing practices for counseling are discussed.
The term animism derives from the Latin word anima, ...