Key Features • Involves not only a focus on elementary, secondary education and transition but also preschool education as well. • Addresses the whole spectrum of students with intellectual disabilities including mild, moderate and severe intellectual disability. • A discussion of assistive technology throughout the chapters reflects technology’s increased usage to support students with intellectual disability. • Chapters have been written by leading experts in the respective content.

Foundational Concepts: Etiology of Intellectual Disability and Characteristics of Students With Intellectual Disability

Chapter 2 Foundational concepts: etiology of intellectual disability and characteristics of students with intellectual disability
Richard M. Gargiulo Emily C. Bouck

Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 2, you should be able to:

  • Describe pre-, peri-, and postnatal causes of intellectual disability.
  • Summarize representative learning and social/behavioral characteristics of students with intellectual disability.

Determining the cause, or etiology, of an intellectual disability is a difficult process. Multiple reasons are typically involved, and frequently the cause is unknown. In fact, in only about half of all cases of intellectual disability can a specific cause be cited. Generally speaking, the less severe the disability, the greater the likelihood that a particular ...

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