Key Features • Involves not only a focus on elementary, secondary education and transition but also preschool education as well. • Addresses the whole spectrum of students with intellectual disabilities including mild, moderate and severe intellectual disability. • A discussion of assistive technology throughout the chapters reflects technology’s increased usage to support students with intellectual disability. • Chapters have been written by leading experts in the respective content.

Understanding Intellectual Disability

Chapter 1 Understanding intellectual disability
Richard M. Gargiulo Emily C. Bouck

Learning Objectives

After reading Chapter 1, you should be able to:

  • Discuss society’s changing views of individuals with intellectual disability.
  • Describe how intellectual ability and adaptive behavior are assessed.
  • Summarize the key elements of the AAIDD definitions of intellectual disability from 1961 to 2010.
  • List four ways of classifying individuals with intellectual disability.
  • Explain why the number of individuals with intellectual disability has decreased over the years.

Intellectual disability is a very powerful term. It is also an emotionally laden label, one that conjures up various images of people with intellectual disability. What do you think of when someone says “intellectual disability”? Do you immediately think of the character from ...

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