First authoritative and comprehensive study in the field of Inkblot Personality Test, this book describes the historical roots of the three major projective inkblot measures: the Rorschach, the Holtzman Inkblot Technique (HIT) and the Somatic Inkblot Series (SIS). It presents the extensive psychometric background work accompanying the normative data and diagnostic indicators along with indices for selecting executives in a business organization. The book begins with a detailed history of Hermann Rorschach and his early experiments with inkblots in the diagnosis of mentally ill patients. Special attention is given to the administration and scoring of the Rorschach, with the sections detailing the systems developed by Klopfer and Exner. The HIT and SIS are also reviewed in detail, emphasizing their psychometric qualities.
Chapter 3: Historical Development of Inkblot Techniques
Historical Development of Inkblot Techniques
History of Inkblot Procedures
The history of the inkblot procedure is traceable only through Rorschach's own writing and throgh the writings of Emil Oberholzer, Walter Morgenthaler and George Roemer. Zubin, Eron and Schumer (1965) indicated that the concept of formless stimuli, used in inkblot techniques to stimulate the imagination, could be traced back to Leonardo da Vinci and Botticelli in the 15th century.
Among the present-day projective tests, the inkblot technique is the oldest one with the earliest published work on inkblot and other vague or formless stimuli for imagination in the 15th century by da Vinci (1982). In the last decade of the 19th century, Binet and Henry (1895) also followed the suggestions of da Vinci ...