Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System suggests that information technology in criminal justice will continue to challenge us to think about how we turn information into knowledge, who can use that knowledge, and for what purposes. In this text, editor April Pattavina synthesizes the growing body of research in information technology and criminal justice. Contributors examine what has been learned from past experiences, what the current state of IT is in various components of the criminal justice system, and what challenges lie ahead.
Chapter 8: Comprehensive Planning of Criminal Justice Information and Intelligence Systems: ATF's Experience in Implementing Firearms Tracing in the United States
Comprehensive Planning of Criminal Justice Information and Intelligence Systems: ATF's Experience in Implementing Firearms Tracing in the United States
In 2002, there were 9,369 firearms-related homicides in the United States, and of these, 3,651 involved victims under 25 years of age. In terms of aggravated assault and robbery, 19.0% of the 894,348 aggravated assaults and 42.1% of the 420,637 robberies reported by the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program in 2000 involved firearms (Federal Bureau of Investigation [FBI], 2003).
Firearms violence in the United States has been linked to the operation of illegal gun markets (Blumstein & Cook, 1996). Importantly, because two of the most frequent ...