Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System suggests that information technology in criminal justice will continue to challenge us to think about how we turn information into knowledge, who can use that knowledge, and for what purposes. In this text, editor April Pattavina synthesizes the growing body of research in information technology and criminal justice. Contributors examine what has been learned from past experiences, what the current state of IT is in various components of the criminal justice system, and what challenges lie ahead.
Chapter 5: The Impact of Information Technology on Crime Reporting: The NIBRS Process
The Impact of Information Technology on Crime Reporting: The NIBRS Process
In this chapter, we examine the impact of information technology on official crime reporting. In particular, we focus on the development of national police crime reporting systems in the United States and their utility for producing empirically based crime policies at the local, state, and national levels. First, we outline the history of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) system and discuss the limitations of that system for crime reporting and public policymaking in the United States. Second, we discuss the development of the more recent official reporting system, the National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS). Third, we describe the technicalities associated with the ...