Information Technology and the Criminal Justice System suggests that information technology in criminal justice will continue to challenge us to think about how we turn information into knowledge, who can use that knowledge, and for what purposes. In this text, editor April Pattavina synthesizes the growing body of research in information technology and criminal justice. Contributors examine what has been learned from past experiences, what the current state of IT is in various components of the criminal justice system, and what challenges lie ahead.
Chapter 3: How Criminal Justice Agencies Use the Internet
How Criminal Justice Agencies Use the Internet
The Internet was developed during the late 1960s as a direct result of the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) under the Department of Defense. ARPA wanted to take advantage of computer technology and the computing power of several supercomputers of the time and implemented the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET). The first node of the network was a supercomputer at the University of California, Los Angeles. The network served two primary functions: to allow people to communicate with each other in case of a nuclear attack or other disaster and to allow other researchers and scientists to use computer power from the supercomputers. The network, now known as the Internet, ...