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Group Status and Individual Differentiation
Group status and individual differentiation
The Social Identity of Dominants and Subordinates
Group Status and Personal vs Collective Self-Identification

Does group status influence processes of self-identification? This chapter provides an affirmative answer to this question. The idea that dominant and subordinate groups elicit different social identities is not novel. In documenting the Jewish people's consciousness of belonging to the Jewish group, Lewin (1948), for instance, maintained that subordinates are urged to think about their group membership more often than dominants. Hence, when prompted to describe themselves, they are continuously reminded of their group membership, whereas the dominants are led to disregard the common ingroup's attributes and to invigorate their uniqueness. In a similar vein, Allport (1954, p. 179) asserted that low-status groups are often ...

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