This book brings together an international selection of prominent researchers at the forefront of this development. They reflect on the issue of individuality in the group and on how thinking about social identity has changed. Together, these chapters chart a key development in the field: how social identity perspectives inform understanding of cohesion, unity and collective action, but also how they help us understand individuality, agency, autonomy, disagreement, and diversity within groups.
Chapter 5: Ingroup Critics and Their Influence on Groups
Ingroup Critics and Their Influence on Groups
Social psychology has much to say about how groups and systems can shape the attitudes, values, and behaviours of individuals. Furthermore, a cursory glance at an introductory textbook will lead us to believe that the influence is mostly for the worst. For example, Le Bon (1908) spoke of the power of crowds to reduce individuals to barbaric savages acting on instinct and stripped of civilizing influences. Milgram (1974) showed that, when asked to perform an act of cruelty on another person, people were prepared to obey the authority figure even though this caused them (and ostensibly their victims) great distress. Zimbardo showed that group norms can encourage ordinary people to behave ...