This book brings together an international selection of prominent researchers at the forefront of this development. They reflect on the issue of individuality in the group and on how thinking about social identity has changed. Together, these chapters chart a key development in the field: how social identity perspectives inform understanding of cohesion, unity and collective action, but also how they help us understand individuality, agency, autonomy, disagreement, and diversity within groups.
Chapter 2: Reconceptualizing Personality: Producing Individuality by Defining the Personal Self
Reconceptualizing Personality: Producing Individuality by Defining the Personal Self
In this chapter we take a fresh look at personality and individuality by making use of insights from self-categorization theory (SCT). The fact of human individuality is striking. We take for granted that people are characterized by individual differences and, where these are sufficiently stable and consistent and seem related to their underlying psychological make-up, we talk of personality. Explaining personality is one of the major tasks which psychology has attempted over the last hundred years. Every significant psychological perspective, from Freudian psycho-dynamics to classical and social learning theory to the cognitive perspective, has developed one or more ways of understanding ...