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Chapter 12: The Dynamics of Personal and Social Identity Formation
Each one of us has two heritages, a “vertical” one that comes to us from our ancestors, our religious community and our popular traditions, and a “horizontal” one transmitted to us by our contemporaries and by the age we live in. It seems to me that the latter is the more influential of the two, and that it becomes more so every day. Yet this fact is not reflected in our perception of ourselves, and the inheritance we invoke most frequently is the vertical one. (Maalouf, 2000, p. 102)
To many in the West, Islamic religious fundamentalism appears regressive, conservative and destructive. How ...