This book brings together an international selection of prominent researchers at the forefront of this development. They reflect on the issue of individuality in the group and on how thinking about social identity has changed. Together, these chapters chart a key development in the field: how social identity perspectives inform understanding of cohesion, unity and collective action, but also how they help us understand individuality, agency, autonomy, disagreement, and diversity within groups.

Psychological Need Satisfaction Through Social Roles

Psychological need satisfaction through social roles
B. AnnBettencourt, LisaMolix, Amelia E.Talley, and Kennon M.Sheldon

Many theoretical traditions in social psychology are predicated upon the assumption that there is a fundamental conflict between the individual and the group – an idea that can be traced to Thomas Hobbes (1650/1931). For example, much research on social dilemmas assumes that individuals face a difficult choice between either serving their own interests or serving their group's interests (e.g., Komorita & Parks, 1995). Similarly in the intergroup literature, optimal distinctiveness theory (Brewer, 1991; also see Picket & Leonardelli, Chapter 4 in this volume) proposes an inherent conflict between needs for distinctiveness and needs for inclusion. Brewer (1991) suggests that the need for uniqueness and the need ...

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