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B. Ann Bettencourt, Lisa Molix, Amelia E. Talley & Kennon M. Sheldon

In: Individuality and the Group: Advances in Social Identity

Chapter 11: Psychological Need Satisfaction Through Social Roles

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Psychological Need Satisfaction Through Social Roles
Psychological need satisfaction through social roles
B. AnnBettencourt, LisaMolix, Amelia E.Talley, and Kennon M.Sheldon

Many theoretical traditions in social psychology are predicated upon the assumption that there is a fundamental conflict between the individual and the group – an idea that can be traced to Thomas Hobbes (1650/1931). For example, much research on social dilemmas assumes that individuals face a difficult choice between either serving their own interests or serving their group's interests (e.g., Komorita & Parks, 1995). Similarly in the intergroup literature, optimal distinctiveness theory (Brewer, 1991; also see Picket & Leonardelli, Chapter 4 in this volume) proposes an inherent conflict between needs for distinctiveness and needs for inclusion. Brewer (1991) suggests that the need for uniqueness and the need ...

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