India's 2009 Elections is an inquiry into the 15th General Elections of India. It explores how the elections played out, what factors influenced the electorate, and how the elections are an important contribution to India's democracy.
Authored by renowned scholars and analysts from various backgrounds, the collection of articles critically examines multiple areas of the Indian polity:
Coalition and alliance politics, representation, national integration, and women's participation; Dominant party, competitive two-party and multi-party states including Gujarat, West Bengal, Rajasthan, Kerala, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jammu and Kashmir, and the northeast states; Caste, tribal, and ethnic politics
According to the contributors, the public outcome of the 2009 elections indicated a demand for integrity, continuity, and competence—values that were considered almost obsolete in today's political scenario. At the same time, the contributors admit to problems in structure, providing for minority cultures, stability, and contentious public policy issues.
Chapter 5: Federalism, Party System, and Structural Changes in India
Federalism, Party System, and Structural Changes in India
No political arrangement, even if it is sanctioned by a constitution, remains unchanged over time. It is generally expected that the constitution shapes political processes and events without being affected by the changing character of politics. And yet the fact remains that political processes and events also have a great impact on how political institutional arrangements work and change over time. This is also true of India where a dominant party administered the federal constitution in the initial years of the functioning of the Indian Constitution. However, changes have gradually occurred to adversely affect the destiny of the Congress party, a party that enjoyed unchallenged dominance since the days of ...