In the last few decades, India has experienced several shifts in the policies pertaining to the financing of higher education. These shifts include a move from public financing to keep pace with the expansion requirements of the sector; the strengthening of market forces in higher education both through privatisation of public institutions and operation of private institutions; and a move from the financing of institutions to the financing of students. The Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education (CPRHE) has initiated major research activities to understand how the recent changes have affected the financing of higher education in India and how the higher education institutions cope with and respond to these changes. India Higher Education Report 2018, the fourth volume in the series, presents this study to provide a comprehensive analysis of financing of higher education in India. This book investigates the changing dynamics and related key issues including state–market dynamics, university–industry linkages, foreign aid, institutional strategies to overcome shortages in funding, issues with self-financing courses, educational loans and fee reimbursement schemes, expansion and financing of private higher education.

Changing Sources of Funding: A Study of Punjabi University1

Changing sources of funding: A study of punjabi university
Harvinder Kaur


The higher education system has experienced several transformations all over the world during the past three to four decades. One of the important changes, especially since the 1980s, is a move from state funding to market-oriented strategies for higher education development. This change has led to the introduction of cost-sharing and revenue-generating activities in institutions of higher education. Many countries introduced tuition fees, student loans and shifted the burden of pursuing higher education to the households. It also needs to be noted that student support systems also were on the rise in these decades. For example, student aid in the US is ...

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