In the last few decades, India has experienced several shifts in the policies pertaining to the financing of higher education. These shifts include a move from public financing to keep pace with the expansion requirements of the sector; the strengthening of market forces in higher education both through privatisation of public institutions and operation of private institutions; and a move from the financing of institutions to the financing of students. The Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education (CPRHE) has initiated major research activities to understand how the recent changes have affected the financing of higher education in India and how the higher education institutions cope with and respond to these changes. India Higher Education Report 2018, the fourth volume in the series, presents this study to provide a comprehensive analysis of financing of higher education in India. This book investigates the changing dynamics and related key issues including state–market dynamics, university–industry linkages, foreign aid, institutional strategies to overcome shortages in funding, issues with self-financing courses, educational loans and fee reimbursement schemes, expansion and financing of private higher education.

Self-financing Courses in Public Institutions

Self-financing courses in public institutions
Subir Maitra


In a knowledge-driven globalized society, higher education plays an important role in supplying high-quality labour and fostering faster growth. Higher education is expected to improve functional ability and competence of an individual, making an individual more employable. Adequate provision of state finance is arguably the best option for developing the higher education sector. But given the size of fund requirement for expansion of higher education, it is most unlikely that a state would be able to meet the financial requirements of the fast-expanding sector. Therefore, the non-government sources of funding become important. The introduction of cost recovery and income-generating activities in the public institutions of higher education are examples of ...

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