In the last few decades, India has experienced several shifts in the policies pertaining to the financing of higher education. These shifts include a move from public financing to keep pace with the expansion requirements of the sector; the strengthening of market forces in higher education both through privatisation of public institutions and operation of private institutions; and a move from the financing of institutions to the financing of students. The Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education (CPRHE) has initiated major research activities to understand how the recent changes have affected the financing of higher education in India and how the higher education institutions cope with and respond to these changes. India Higher Education Report 2018, the fourth volume in the series, presents this study to provide a comprehensive analysis of financing of higher education in India. This book investigates the changing dynamics and related key issues including state–market dynamics, university–industry linkages, foreign aid, institutional strategies to overcome shortages in funding, issues with self-financing courses, educational loans and fee reimbursement schemes, expansion and financing of private higher education.

Institutional Strategies to Overcome Declining Public Funding in Higher Education

Institutional strategies to overcome declining public funding in higher education
Jinusha Panigrahi


The contribution of higher education in the emancipation of knowledge has always got a favour to remain under the purview of the government. Theoretically, starting from human capital (HC) theory to the endogenous growth theories, the role of education and particularly higher education has been argued to contribute to the growth and development of any economy of the world. In line with the importance realized for higher education like other countries, traditionally, Indian higher education system has been funded by the government. But due to the adoption of Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAP) in 1980s, many developing countries experienced a ...

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