In the last few decades, India has experienced several shifts in the policies pertaining to the financing of higher education. These shifts include a move from public financing to keep pace with the expansion requirements of the sector; the strengthening of market forces in higher education both through privatisation of public institutions and operation of private institutions; and a move from the financing of institutions to the financing of students. The Centre for Policy Research in Higher Education (CPRHE) has initiated major research activities to understand how the recent changes have affected the financing of higher education in India and how the higher education institutions cope with and respond to these changes. India Higher Education Report 2018, the fourth volume in the series, presents this study to provide a comprehensive analysis of financing of higher education in India. This book investigates the changing dynamics and related key issues including state–market dynamics, university–industry linkages, foreign aid, institutional strategies to overcome shortages in funding, issues with self-financing courses, educational loans and fee reimbursement schemes, expansion and financing of private higher education.
Chapter 12: Growth and Expansion of Private Higher Education
Growth and Expansion of Private Higher Education
The participation of private sector in higher education has accelerated the pace and changing composition of its development. However, the system remains publicly controlled through government rules and regulations and largely state funded. Over the last three decades, the presence of private institutions and private participation in higher education has rapidly increased in various ways. Private organizations are also helping in creation of knowledge, skill development and national advancement. Of the 799 universities in the country, as per All India Survey of Higher Education (AISHE) 2015–2016 data, 277 universities are classified as private universities. Many stand-alone institutions in the country are also privately managed.
It is ...