Can India achieve a high-income status by 2050 when it celebrates the centenary of its Republic?

Will the nation eliminate absolute poverty and improve its human development record?

This book emphasizes the centrality of a trade-oriented services sector led by communication, business services, health, education, research, and innovations for achieving these growth targets. It also argues that inclusiveness, financial prudence, and low-carbon lifestyles are preconditions to long-term growth.

India can achieve such prosperity neither through the socialistic policies of 1950–80 nor through the neo-liberalistic policies since 1980. It needs to, instead, follow a middle-path approach closer to the systems adopted by Germany and the Nordic countries. It is within this framework that India will devise its independent development paradigm rooted in its own traditions and realities.

Toward Decentralized Knowledge-Centric Cities in Prosperous India 2050
Toward decentralized knowledge-centric cities in prosperous India 2050
I. Introduction

“India begins and ends in the villages” said Mahatma Gandhi in a letter to Nehru written on August 23, 1944.1 To him, while the village life represented the essence of India, the development of modern cities in India symbolized Western domination and colonial rule.

Dr B.R. Ambedkar, with personal experience of village life, had an entirely different perception. According to him “What is the village but a sink of localism, a den of ignorance, narrow mindedness and communalism?” (see Jodhka, 2002), and these tendencies in villages were deep rooted in Hindu way of life itself and beyond correction by goodwill of the Gandhian or other type. The only solution for ...

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