Identity Politics in India and Europe combines qualitative methods (20 interviews) with historical and philosophical analysis. The first part of the book discusses the history of perceptions between the Europe of Latin Christianity and the so-called Muslim world, starting from the 7th century onwards. The second part is devoted to a discussion on the emergence of modernity and how it changed the identity politics of earlier times. The third part explores the role that intellectual elites have to play. It comprises interviews of eminent scholars and thinkers in India such as Imtiaz Ahmad and Ashis Nandy. These make for an insightful read, especially as subtle ideological differences surface in their responses to a set of common questions.

Rationality and Rationalisation

Rationality and Rationalisation

Rationality and rationalisation

In the context of the global cultural reference frame and with reference to Weber, Meyer speaks of rationalisation in terms of the structuring of everyday life along standardised, impersonal rules that orient the social order towards the collective goals of justice and progress. These rules are typically represented as universal. Human rights or the laws governing economic growth are sometimes represented as if they were natural laws holding true at all times and everywhere. This reference to nature is a heritage from the Enlightenment period when philosophers spoke of ‘natural’ reason and ‘natural’ rights as being the same for every human being irrespective of his/her social status, estate, station in life or the society he/she lives in. Enlightenment philosophers in ...

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