`Identity' attracts some of social science's liveliest and most passionate debates. Theory abounds on matters as disparate as nationhood, ethnicity, gender politics and culture. However, there is considerably less investigation into how such identity issues appear in the fine grain of everyday life. This book gathers together, in a collection of chapters drawing on ethnomethodology and conversation analysis, arguments which show that identities are constructed `live' in the actual exchange of talk. By closely examining tapes and transcripts of real social interactions from a wide range of situations, the volume explores just how it is that a person can be ascribed to a category and what features about that category are cons

Describing ‘Deviance’ in School: Recognizably Educational Psychological Problems

Describing ‘Deviance’ in School: Recognizably Educational Psychological Problems

Describing ‘deviance’ in school: Recognizably educational psychological problems

The identity of the ‘deviant’ is an everyday feature of school life. Its availability for members and for sociologists alike is accomplished through a wide range of imputations and descriptions. With a few exceptions (Hester, 1990, 1992; MacBeth, 1990, 1991; Mehan, 1983; Mehan et al., 1986; Payne, 1982), little ethnomethodological (and sociological) analytic attention has been paid to the naturally occurring local detail of the talk-in-interaction through which ‘problem children’ are identified as deviating or departing from category-predicated rules and norms (see Matza, 1969) and/or as having other kinds of ‘special educational needs’ and perhaps, in the cases judged the most ‘serious’, as requiring exclusion from school.

This chapter uses membership categorization ...

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