Human Rights and Peace: Laws, Institutions and Movements explores the shifts in the way peace has been envisaged in the rhetoric and practice of human rights. Peace has come to be seen as a continuing process of the pursuit of liberation, a progressive dismantling of relationships, of exploitation based on gender, caste, class, race, ethnicity and nationality, and a countervailing force to the coercive practices of the state. Woven around the themes of ideas, laws and institutions, and movements, the articles in this volume show how peace has become an over-arching framework in the domain of human rights. The book traces how the idea of peace has transformed from a passive condition of 'sepulchral silence' associated with 'guided' peace, into a praxis led by and producing radical politics of liberatory change. The volume examines: " The distinct claims that peace makes to durable rights which are not subject to arbitrary withdrawals or selective investment by the state; " The articulations of right to peace in the largely unexplored processes of 'conflict resolution' in South Asia; and " The role of human rights movement and institutions in situations of prolonged absence of peace, sustained repression by the state, and unprecedented growth in non-state violence of all kinds.

The Concept of Civil Liberties*

The concept of civil liberties
Ram ManoharLohia

In order to arrive at an understanding of what civil liberties are, it is necessary to go into their conceptual extent, origins, present state and contemplated actions to maintain them. An enquiry under these four heads: What is the number and types of civil liberties? How did they arise? How and why are they attacked today? Why and how should they be defended? will yield us the concept of civil liberties.

What is the number and types of civil liberties? We have only to string together the epochal statements of state-builders and the basic doctrines of organic laws and court decisions. These doctrines and statements have related to various types of civil liberties. At the head ...

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