Human Resource Strategy provides an overview of the academic and practitioner responses to these and other questions. Applying an integrative framework, the authors review twenty years’ worth of empirical and theoretical research in an attempt to reconcile often-conflicting conceptual models and competing empirical results. The authors present much of the relevant research in the context of the critical strategic decisions that executives must actually make with regard to human resource investments and deployments. As a result, often complex theoretical models and scientific findings are presented such that they are not only understandable but also highly relevant to non-research-oriented practitioners.

Models of Human Resource Strategy

Models of human resource strategy

Having a better understanding of the forces driving the adoption of different HR strategies, we must next address the nature of these strategies. Specifically, in this chapter we will examine whether it is possible to speak of certain types of HR strategies and the degree to which these types of strategies systematically vary across organizations. The ability to effectively distinguish among HR strategies is critical for researchers hoping to generate and test theory regarding, for example, the impact of HR strategy on such outcomes as firm performance and the degree to which such effects may be contingent on overall firm business strategy.

Given that we have defined HR strategy as the pattern of decisions regarding the policies ...

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