“Howes' new textbook, Human Memory, offers a thorough and expansive introduction to the science of remembering and forgetting. With highly accessible prose, Howes keeps the student clearly in mind as she deftly weaves together traditional and novel approaches to memory research. Unlike any other memory textbook on the market… it looks to be a definite winner in the classroom.”

—James S. Nairne, Purdue University

Presented in a clear and accessible format, Human Memory: Structures and Images offers students a comprehensive overview of research in human memory. Providing a theoretical background for the research, author Mary B. Howes covers three major areas—mainstream experimental research; naturalistic research; and work in the domains of the amnesias, malfunctions of memory, and neuroscience.

Key Features:

Presents extensive coverage of naturalistic research: Areas of current naturalistic research, such as eyewitness testimony and courtroom procedures, are included, as are the functioning of memory under atypical or abnormal conditions and traumatic and repressed memories.; Emphasizes the constructivist position: Offering greater coverage than other books on this model of memory, this text also examines the debate between constructivist and nonconstructivist theories.; Offers two chapters online on computers and memory:Chapter 1 on computer functioning simulation of memory and Chapter 2 on computer models of long-term memory are easily accessed online. See Human Memory in our online catalog at http://www.sagepub.com and click on “Sample Materials” to view these chapters.; Supplies instructors with thoughtfully crafted support material: An Instructor's Resources CD-ROM, including PowerPoint slides, study quizzes, test items, and worksheets, is available to all qualified adopters.

Intended Audience:

This text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Memory, Human Memory, Memory and Cognition, and Memory and Forgetting.

Encoding and Retrieval in Long-Term Memory: Foundations

Encoding and retrieval in long-term memory: Foundations

Overview

  • Early research within the information-processing tradition identified three dominant codes in memory—namely, physical, phonemic, and semantic. These were assumed to reflect three different memory systems and many studies supported the three-store view.
  • The single-store model of memory posits that there is in fact only one, general-purpose memory system. According to the levels of processing model, as more processing occurs, different memory codes will be generated.
  • Three techniques have been identified for the entry of random word items into long-term memory (LTM). These are rehearsal, association forming, and image forming.
  • Cues are defined as representations present in awareness. They enter LTM on a matching basis. According to cue-dependent models of recall, cues ...
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