“Howes' new textbook, Human Memory, offers a thorough and expansive introduction to the science of remembering and forgetting. With highly accessible prose, Howes keeps the student clearly in mind as she deftly weaves together traditional and novel approaches to memory research. Unlike any other memory textbook on the market… it looks to be a definite winner in the classroom.”
Presented in a clear and accessible format, Human Memory: Structures and Images offers students a comprehensive overview of research in human memory. Providing a theoretical background for the research, author Mary B. Howes covers three major areas—mainstream experimental research; naturalistic research; and work in the domains of the amnesias, malfunctions of memory, and neuroscience.
Presents extensive coverage of naturalistic research: Areas of current naturalistic research, such as eyewitness testimony and courtroom procedures, are included, as are the functioning of memory under atypical or abnormal conditions and traumatic and repressed memories.; Emphasizes the constructivist position: Offering greater coverage than other books on this model of memory, this text also examines the debate between constructivist and nonconstructivist theories.; Offers two chapters online on computers and memory:Chapter 1 on computer functioning simulation of memory and Chapter 2 on computer models of long-term memory are easily accessed online. See Human Memory in our online catalog at http://www.sagepub.com and click on “Sample Materials” to view these chapters.; Supplies instructors with thoughtfully crafted support material: An Instructor's Resources CD-ROM, including PowerPoint slides, study quizzes, test items, and worksheets, is available to all qualified adopters.
This text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Memory, Human Memory, Memory and Cognition, and Memory and Forgetting.
Chapter 16: Neuroscience and Memory
Neuroscience and Memory
- Neurons form the physical basis for the coding of information in the human brain. Electrical impulses cause the release of neurotransmitters into the gaps (synapses) between neurons. The patterns of neural firing form the basis of memories.
- Various neuroimaging techniques have been developed. These show structures within the brain and also blood flow within the brain.
- Neuroimaging techniques have shown left-hemisphere activation during the encoding of words and right-hemisphere activation during retrieval of words. Autobiographical memories show an opposite pattern. Areas of the brain activated at retrieval depend on the type of content retrieved and the depth of processing of the content, among other variables.
- The hippocampus plays a critical role in the formation of new long-term memories. Its ...