“Howes' new textbook, Human Memory, offers a thorough and expansive introduction to the science of remembering and forgetting. With highly accessible prose, Howes keeps the student clearly in mind as she deftly weaves together traditional and novel approaches to memory research. Unlike any other memory textbook on the market… it looks to be a definite winner in the classroom.”
Presented in a clear and accessible format, Human Memory: Structures and Images offers students a comprehensive overview of research in human memory. Providing a theoretical background for the research, author Mary B. Howes covers three major areas—mainstream experimental research; naturalistic research; and work in the domains of the amnesias, malfunctions of memory, and neuroscience.
Presents extensive coverage of naturalistic research: Areas of current naturalistic research, such as eyewitness testimony and courtroom procedures, are included, as are the functioning of memory under atypical or abnormal conditions and traumatic and repressed memories.; Emphasizes the constructivist position: Offering greater coverage than other books on this model of memory, this text also examines the debate between constructivist and nonconstructivist theories.; Offers two chapters online on computers and memory:Chapter 1 on computer functioning simulation of memory and Chapter 2 on computer models of long-term memory are easily accessed online. See Human Memory in our online catalog at http://www.sagepub.com and click on “Sample Materials” to view these chapters.; Supplies instructors with thoughtfully crafted support material: An Instructor's Resources CD-ROM, including PowerPoint slides, study quizzes, test items, and worksheets, is available to all qualified adopters.
This text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Memory, Human Memory, Memory and Cognition, and Memory and Forgetting.
Chapter 15: Disorders of Memory
Disorders of Memory
- In the amnesic syndrome, individuals are unable to form new episodic memories and, typically, forget much of the past. Established semantic memory is generally not impaired in the amnesic syndrome. The acquiring of new semantic knowledge may or may not be impaired. Short-term, procedural, and implicit memory generally functions at a normal or close to normal level.
- Damage to the frontal lobes typically results in confabulation: a confusion of imagined information with real memories. The imagined information can be quite unrealistic. Ability to recall order and temporal information is also impaired.
- Amnesia can involve the selective loss of certain kinds of information. Some individuals may lose concepts of living but not of nonliving things, or vice versa, and others ...