“Howes' new textbook, Human Memory, offers a thorough and expansive introduction to the science of remembering and forgetting. With highly accessible prose, Howes keeps the student clearly in mind as she deftly weaves together traditional and novel approaches to memory research. Unlike any other memory textbook on the market… it looks to be a definite winner in the classroom.”
Presented in a clear and accessible format, Human Memory: Structures and Images offers students a comprehensive overview of research in human memory. Providing a theoretical background for the research, author Mary B. Howes covers three major areas—mainstream experimental research; naturalistic research; and work in the domains of the amnesias, malfunctions of memory, and neuroscience.
Presents extensive coverage of naturalistic research: Areas of current naturalistic research, such as eyewitness testimony and courtroom procedures, are included, as are the functioning of memory under atypical or abnormal conditions and traumatic and repressed memories.; Emphasizes the constructivist position: Offering greater coverage than other books on this model of memory, this text also examines the debate between constructivist and nonconstructivist theories.; Offers two chapters online on computers and memory:Chapter 1 on computer functioning simulation of memory and Chapter 2 on computer models of long-term memory are easily accessed online. See Human Memory in our online catalog at http://www.sagepub.com and click on “Sample Materials” to view these chapters.; Supplies instructors with thoughtfully crafted support material: An Instructor's Resources CD-ROM, including PowerPoint slides, study quizzes, test items, and worksheets, is available to all qualified adopters.
This text is designed for advanced undergraduate and graduate courses such as Memory, Human Memory, Memory and Cognition, and Memory and Forgetting.
Chapter 1: Memory: Historical and Current Perspectives
Memory: Historical and Current Perspectives
- Four historical traditions have shaped theories of human memory—namely, the Aristotelian (classic), rationalist, empiricist, and constructivist models.
- The operation of computers has provided a fifth, recent model of human cognition and memory. According to this view, representations (concepts) consist of symbols.
- The models outlined above have produced specific traditions of research. Empiricist thought led to the verbal learning tradition, founded by Ebbinghaus. A computer model, also influenced by empiricist tenets, led to the information-processing tradition. Researchers influenced by constructivism have focused on the issue of changes in memory and also on the role played by higher-order structures in memory.
- Methodologies used in research into memory include experimentation, observational work, computer simulations, mathematical models, and neuroimaging.